Mercy for Animals: Undercover, Workers’Cruelty towards young calves (Video)

Fair Oaks Abuse

Chilling undercover footage recorded by an investigator from the animal rights group Animal Recovery Mission reveals dairy farm workers abusing young calves. Fair Oaks is one of the largest dairies in the United States. Spread the word.…


Sent by:

Martina Patterson (June 20, 2019 at 11:35 AM)


Published by „the fellbeißer“© (June 20, 2019)


Antibiotic reduction: no negative effect on competitive position of Dutch farmers


Den Haag, June 19, 2019

Antibiotic reduction: no negative effect on competitive position of Dutch farmers

Reduction of veterinary antibiotic sales by 63 % in the Netherlands from 2009 to 2017 showed no evidence of a negative effect on average production and economic results on broiler and pig farms. Also the international cost competitiveness of Dutch broiler and pig farms was not hampered by the reduction in antibiotic usage. This is evident from a study by Wageningen Economic Research at the request of the ministry of agriculture, nature and food quality.

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the most serious public health crises today. Therefore, worldwide initiatives are taken and action plans are developed to reduce AMR both at national and international level. As the World Health Organisation (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) observe, research on the economic effects of these measures is limited. This research contributes to filling this gap.

Antibiotic usage policy in the Netherlands

In 1999, the Dutch government started the monitoring of antibiotic usage in Dutch livestock production by recording the total sales of veterinary antibiotics. In 2004, this was extended to include antibiotic usage per animal species. Since 2008 a new policy on the reduction and the responsible use of antibiotics in livestock was implemented. The policy was set up as a public-private partnership with private stakeholders from the major livestock production sectors in the Netherlands and the Royal Netherlands Veterinary Association. The private stakeholders were responsible for reducing the antibiotic usage, while the Dutch government facilitated and supervised developments.

Stakeholders feared negative impact

Stakeholders feared that reduction of antibiotics in livestock production would have a negative impact on productivity and economic farm performance. Large fluctuation in family farm incomes in the pig and poultry sector is typical for these sectors. This is caused by instability of agricultural markets, fluctuations of feed prices and prices received by farmers. However, since the 2009 antibiotic policy reforms, in neither the sow nor the broiler sector a downward trend in family farm income can be observed.

The production costs in the Dutch pig and broiler industry were compared with three EU competitors: Denmark (low average usage of antibiotics), Germany (main export market broilers, pigs & pig meat) and Spain (relatively high average usage of antibiotics).

The average cost of pig production in the Netherlands substantially increased compared to the other three countries, partly because the autonomous increase of sow performance lags behind. The cost competitiveness of Dutch pig production has been deteriorating since 2013. However, no evidence was found of any relation between the decreasing cost competitiveness and antibiotic usage reduction.

Measures taken by farmers

To reduce antibiotic usage, farmers used a variety of relatively easy and cheap measures to improve the health of their animals or the health status of their farms. These measures focused mainly on animal health management, such as paying more attention to hygiene, use of pain killers and anti-inflammatory agents or more preventive vaccinations. The majority of the interviewed farmers implemented the health management measures more than three years ago and continued to do so.

Slow growing broilers need less antibiotics

In 2018, about one third of Dutch broiler production consisted of slower growing broilers, introduced as a response to animal welfare concerns of Dutch consumers and retailers. A substantial part of the decrease in antibiotic usage on broiler farms is due to an increasing proportion of slower growing broilers. This quite ‘new’ measure was taken less than three years ago by 30% of the interviewed broiler farmers. The animal daily dose (ADD) in production of the slower growing broilers is one third of that of conventional broilers. The gross margin per m2 per year is about the same.

Active reduction policy can work

Experiences in the Netherlands show that an active policy towards antibiotic usage reduction can work. The research leads to the following policy implications for countries considering to start with antibiotic reduction: farm advisors and suppliers, such as veterinarians, and the feed industry will have to be actively involved to establish this reduction of antibiotic usage, because farmers have to choose the most appropriate combination of measures that are suitable for their specific farm. Also, to achieve a substantial reduction in antibiotic usage, a clear sense of urgency is needed, combined with a target-based policy and ambitious targets.

Download het rapport Economics of antibiotic usage on Dutch farms:

For more information: please contact, Wageningen Economic Research, +31 70 335 83 38 or researchers or


Wageningen University & Researchv combineert fundamentele en toegepaste kennis vanuit de missie ‘To explore the potential of nature to improve the quality of life’ om bij te dragen aan het oplossen van belangrijke vragen in het domein van gezonde voeding en leefomgeving. Onze 6.500 medewerkers en 12.000 studenten laten zich met open en nieuwsgierige blik inspireren door natuur, maatschappij en technologie. Inspiratie die ons al een eeuw in staat stelt om te verwonderen, kennis te ontwikkelen en deze wereldwijd toe te passen; oftewel 100 years Wageningen Wisdom & Wonder.

Wageningen University & Research, Prinses Beatrixlaan 582 – 528, 2595 BM Den Haag, Postbus 29703, Den Haag, Zuid-Holland 2502 LS, Netherlands


Caroline Berkhof | Wageningen University & Research (June 19, 2019; 10:39 AM)


Published by „the fellbeißer“© (June 20, 2019)


Bitte geben Sie Ihren Kommentar ein!
Bitte geben Sie hier Ihren Namen ein